Sicily is the largest Italian island, located south of the Apennine Peninsula and separated from it by the Strait of Messina. It is a mountainous region over which the cone of Etna volcano snows up even in summer. As many as 5 of the island's attractions have been inscribed on the UNESCO list.
During the ancient times there were Greek colonies in Sicily. You can see here, among others UNESCO-listed Valle dei Templi - Valley of the Temples, in which 12 Greek temples from the 6th and 5th century BC are preserved. Monuments from the Greek period are also located in Syracuse, and around the city there are over 12 thousand. tombs from the period from the 12th to the 7th century BC
The island also developed during the Roman Empire, and the most outstanding monument of this period is the UNESCO-listed Villa Romana del Casale. In many cities, you can also see buildings from the Arab rule and later Norman rule, including castles and fortifications.
The most important building complex of Sicily comes from the Baroque era. It consists of UNESCO-listed cities of Caltagirone, Militello in Val di Catania, Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo Acreide, Ragusa and Scicli, bearing the common name of the cities of the Noto valley.
The Etna volcano dominates the coast of Sicily. It can be reached by hiking trails. Around the island there are two other volcanoes Stromboli and Vulcano, which almost all the time emit a cloud of smoke. Off the coast of Sicily is also famous for its beauty of the Aeolian Archipelago, which was also inscribed on the UNESCO list.