Hajdú-Bihar is located in eastern Hungary on the border with Romania. It is known primarily for its thermal baths, the largest of which is Hajdúszoboszló and the vast areas of the puszta protected in the Hortobágy Park.
The region is mainly agricultural, and industry is concentrated in the capital Debrecen. Cereals, maize and sunflowers are grown in huge, flat areas, while the area of puszta is dominated by traditional Hungarian gray cattle with large horns.
Puszta dominates the landscape of the county. The vast, empty spaces are covered by a steppe, on which you can see scattered individual farms. Inhabitants of these areas have kept their traditional customs and costumes. At present, the puszka is under protection of the Hortobágy National Park. In its area you can not only watch the steppe ecosystems and swamps, but also take part in wagon rides and horse riding shows performed by hajduków.
The most famous town in the region is Hajdúszoboszló. It is a large resort, whose popularity is based on thermal springs. The extensive spa park includes both outdoor pools and the modern Hungarospa bathing area, which is one of the largest facilities of this type in Hungary. Smaller bathing resorts are also found in other towns of the region.
The capital of the county, Debrecen is today primarily an industrial city, but a nice old town with buildings from the 17th-19th century has survived here. Baroque Calvinist cathedral, neoclassical university building and the Neo-Moorish synagogue.