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Prague Castle is the largest castle in the world according to the Guinness Book of World Records. The main objects of the castle are the Old Royal Palace, the Queen's Belvedere, the Lobkovic Palace, the New Royal Palace, the Daliborka Tower, the Mihulka Tower, the Golden Lane, Welcome, St. Basil's Basilica. Jerzy, the gardens and the Deer Ride.
Prague Castle begins its history at the end of the 9th century. At that time, the first prince of Borzywo I moved his residence from Lew Hradec to a hill above the Vltava River. It was the place where sacrifices were made to the heathen gods. Prince ordered the church of the Virgin Mary to be built there.
At the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries, the eccentric Emperor Rudolf II of Habsburg hosted the Hradcany castle. He was famous for his love of magic, occultism, alchemy, and complete detachment from reality. During his reign the palace was filled with secret books, magical objects. According to legend, he brought alchemists to Prague and imprisoned them.