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The Budapest Zoological and Botanical Garden is the oldest zoo in Hungary and one of the oldest in the world. Its area is 18.4 hectares. Currently, the zoo has more than a thousand different species of animals, of which the most valuable are the Komodo dragon and wombats. The zoo also has several architectural monuments in the Art Nouveau style.
The idea of creating a zoo in Budapest was born in the first half of the nineteenth century, but it was only implemented in 1866. At the beginning, the zoo had mainly species living in Hungary in its collection, but it gradually expanded to include more exotic species, monkeys, camels, lions and hippos. At the beginning of the 20th century, the zoo had two thousand species. In 1912, a botanical garden was also founded.
During World War II, the zoo was almost completely destroyed. After the war, reconstruction began and in the 1960s the garden again became one of the most modern in Europe.