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National Gallery is a national art gallery presenting works of Western European painting, which were created in the years 1250 - 1900. It is located in Trafalgar Square. A part of it is the portrait gallery - National Portrait Gallery. Admission to permanent exhibitions is free.
The beginning of the collection, which includes the works of Vincent van Gogh, Caravaggio, Rembrandt, Rubens, Auguste Renoir, gave 38 paintings of a banker, which the House of Commons bought back in 1824. Two years later, the collection was joined by the collections of the art collector and painter, Sir George Beaumont. The paintings were in the National Gallery building in 1838 and were made available to the whole society. The idea of the place was the availability of art for everyone, regardless of origin and status.
During World War II, the paintings were hidden in private homes, some were transported to Wales. Then they were hidden in an old mine in the mountains. In the following years, the collection was successively expanded, and currently has over 2,300 works.