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Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga is the most important public museum in Portugal. The art museum collection has over 40,000 items; includes the largest number of works qualified by the state as "national treasures". The museum has the most significant Portuguese public collection in the field of painting, sculpture, goldsmithing and decorative art from the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 21st century.
The museum was created in 1884. It is located in the Alvor Palace, built in the 17th century for the counts of Alvor. The permanent exhibition of the museum is located on three floors: the first is occupied by the collection of European paintings and decorative arts, the second - works of Portuguese goldsmith art, Portuguese, Chinese and Japanese ceramics as well as Oriental arts. On the third floor, on the other hand, there is a collection of Portuguese painting and sculpture with the most important work of the Portuguese painter Nuno Gonçalves from 1470 - Adoration of Saint Vincent.
Particularly noteworthy is the extremely valuable collection of gold and silver, ranging from medieval exhibits to magnificent silver tableware made by French goldsmiths. The museum also has a collection of unique decorative elements from Africa, India and China.