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Ajuda Botanical Garden is the oldest such facility in Portugal. It was founded in the mid-eighteenth century after a great earthquake. It consists of two terraces covered with various plants. Some of the trees and bushes found here were planted at the time of setting up the garden.
The garden was founded by King Józef I. After a great earthquake in 1755, he moved his court to the Ajuda district. During the garden's greatest splendor there were plants belonging to about 5,000 species. Unfortunately, subsequent war damage caused a significant reduction in the collection.
The lower terrace is a baroque garden with geometrically trimmed bushes and a fountain decorated with sculptures of sea bolts and mythical figures. On the upper terrace you can see a huge bougainvillea bush covering the entire wall. There are benches by the paths where you can relax and enjoy the views.