number 4 in the city

Leiden Castle

Local name: Burcht van Leiden

Burcht van Leiden, meaning the fort (fortress) in Leiden is probably the oldest defensive structure in the Netherlands. Its origins date back to the X-XI century AD, when the hill was artificially raised and a wooden castle was built on it. The earth mound was raised several times - currently it rises to about 12 m. At the beginning of the 13th century the hill was surrounded by a circular wall, behind which in case of danger the inhabitants of Leiden found shelter. It is now a recreational area and a valued viewing point.

Burcht van Leiden consisted practically of the wall itself, which surrounds the inner circle-shaped area with a diameter of about 35 meters. The fort was not a building intended for long-term defense. The defensive walls are about 6 m high, but their thickness does not exceed 1 m - such a structure could not resist too long cannon fire.

In the 17th century, the building eventually lost its military functions. In 1651, Leiden authorities bought a hill with a castle and organized a park in this place. At that time, the gate, which has survived to this day, was created, on which the city's coat of arms is displayed.


Attractions inside

    Leiden Castle map
    Van der Sterrepad 52312 EK Leiden , Netherlands