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Bavaria is a Latin name given to the monumental 19th-century statue in Munich. It is a female personification of the Bavarian homeland. In his left hand he holds a laurel wreath, which symbolizes glory, and on her head is a helmet, which in turn is supposed to symbolize strength.
The statue was commissioned by Ludwig I, ruler of Bavaria in the foundry JB Stiglmair between 1844 and 1850 and is the first such a colossal statue since classical antiquity. The inspiration for this building was the Colossus of Rhodes and the statue of Zeus of Olympia. An internal winding staircase leads to a platform that is located inside the head of Bavaria.
It is 18.52 m high and weighs 87.36 tons, it rests on a stone base. Due to its size, it had to be produced in several parts. The helmet's four window openings provide views of the Theresienwiese and Munich city center. The statue is part of a complex that also includes a hall and stairs.