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The square is mainly known for having the most active guillotine here during the French Revolution. Currently, the greatest attraction of this place is the bronze sculpture "Triumph of the Republic", which is a patriotic and national symbol of France. There are quite a few shops, restaurants and a flower garden around the square.
Originally, the square had two pavilions and two columns topped with statues of kings Philip II and Louis IX.
During the French Revolution, the square was renamed and a guillotine was placed in the center. Those on whom the sentence was carried out were buried in the nearby Picpus Cemetery.
On the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution, a monument to Marianna was erected here, symbolizing the victory of the republic.