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The Memorial to the Austrian Jews of the Holocaust Victims, sometimes called the "Nameless Library", is located on Judenplatz, which was once the center of the Jewish community in Vienna. At the foot of the monument there is an inscription commemorating over 65,000 Austrian Jews murdered in 1938-1945. The names of 45 places of extermination are also printed at the monument.
The monument has the form of a steel and concrete block with a base of 10 by 7 meters and a height of 3.8 meters. It presents shelves with books whose spines are invisible, so the books remain "anonymous", as do the victims of extermination.
The initiator of the Memorial to the Austrian Jews was Simon Wiesenthal. The design by British artist Rachel Whiteread was selected through a competition. Initially, the unveiling of the monument was planned for 1996, but controversy and archaeological work delayed its construction. Eventually, the ceremonial unveiling took place in 2000.