Luxor is often called the largest Egyptian open air museum. This term comes from the huge number of temples and ancient cemeteries that are in its territory. The most important are the Valley of the Kings, the Luxor Temple and Karnak.
The city lies on the Nile, and its monuments can be admired on both sides of the river. These are the remains of Thebes, the capital of the New Egyptian State and the largest complex of tombs and mortuary temples of the rulers of Ancient Egypt. Due to their huge historical and artistic value, the monuments of Luxor have been inscribed on the UNESCO list.
Sights of Luxor are divided into two parts by the waters of the Nile. On the east side is the famous Luxor Temple from the 15th century BC, whose entrance is decorated with powerful statues of Ramses and Nefertari. Historic objects found during excavations can be seen in the Luxor Museum, which is considered one of the most interesting archaeological museums in the world. A separate group of monuments is located on the same side of the Karnak River, with the temples of Amun, Montu and Mut.
On the west side of the Nile stretches the famous Valley of the Kings with the tombs of several rulers of Ancient Egypt dug into the rocks. You can find here, among others Tomb of Tutankhamun, Ramesseum, Tomb of Amenhotep III, Tomb of Inherk and Deir el-Bahari. Memoirs of Colossi of Memenon, with over 15 m tall Amenhotep III statues, are a particularly well-known object. The Mummification Museum collects information and exhibits related to the royal necropolis and funeral rites that have taken place here in the past.