Chios is the largest city of the island of the same name. Its oldest part is surrounded by Byzantine walls with numerous monuments from the Venetian and Turkish eras.
The city already existed in ancient times and is reported to be one of the supposed birthplaces of Homer. The oldest history of the city and the whole island can be found in the Archaeological Museum. His collections include, among others items from Macedonian tombs, ceramics, figurines and coins, as well as architectural elements of ancient buildings.
Today's Chios is a green and peaceful city. Tourists can relax on the numerous beaches within a short distance. The oldest part is the walled Chios Castle, built in Byzantine times. Within its limits there are narrow streets with numerous restaurants and taverns, several old churches and picturesque squares, usually packed with restaurant tables in the season.
An interesting destination for excursions from Chios is the biggest attraction of the island, the Nea Moni monastery entered on the UNESCO list. It has existed since the 11th century and consists of several churches and residential buildings. There is a museum on its premises. Another popular destination for excursions is the village of Pyrgi with houses painted in multi-colored patterns, and the Museum of Mastic, the resin used to make, among others, cosmetics.