Sloup is a tourist destination in the Moravian Karst, an excellent base for exploring the surrounding caves and picturesque hiking trails. A lot of historic buildings have been preserved here, including a baroque church.
The name of the village comes from the rock column, which is one of the most characteristic elements of the local landscape. The greatest attraction of Sloup, however, are the Sloupsko-šošůvské Caves, which belong to the longest cave system in the Moravian Karst. They include, among others Kulna Cave, where the bones of the Neanderthal man were discovered.
The village of Sloup belonged to Moravian magnates since the Middle Ages. The Salma family, whose members are buried in the local cemetery, ruled for the longest time. The Baroque Church of Our Lady of Sorrows, which is a local sanctuary, was built in the mid-18th century on the initiative of Countess Karolina of Rogendorf. She is buried in its basement.